I truly believe Dravidian language, culture and roots have traces back to the end of last ice age.
Because of blooming civilisations along rivers and population growth, Dravidians must have migrated along the Indian Deccan plateau to the Sindus Valley (Indus Civilisation) and also further through the Zargos mountains (Across Southern Iran) to Susa and the land of the ancient civilisation Elam.
Sumer and Elam are two independant civilisations that was founded between 4000-3000 BCE.
Because of the lack of hard evidence, one simply can’t rule these two civilisations as offspring of each other. But one can assume that they had a rich trading relation and exchanged cultures throughout countries who were contemporary.
Because of the rise of Babylon and the Assyrian Empire from early 2000 BCE (Sargon the Great drove out the Elamites), It is difficult to interpretate how Sumer and Elam are connected to Dravidians.
There are references from Sumerian literature about trading relation with the so called «Meluhans» (Indus Valley Civ). Sumerians and Tamilsare also said to be dark skinned people and resembling Afro-Asian origins, in contrast to other ethnical groups from the fertile crescent. Sumerian language wasn’t related to other Semittic languages and was quickly replaced by Akkadian. Same thing happened in Elam. So it is difficult to pin point what language these two civilisations spoke before being sieged.
Other interesting facts are roots of names which strikingly resembles dravidian origin, like the name for village, «Ur»
There was a Tamil emperor in late 17th BCE who was called Siwe-Palar Khuppak (Contemporary of Hammurabi). Here, the name must derive or at least be a borrowed word for the tamil god and deity Shiva, called Sivan in Tanil («the red one»). Siwe-Palar was a fierceful governor and called himself “Enlarger of the empire of Elam”.
Sumerian mythology and legends, like the epic of Gilgamesh, tell us stories about a hero who seeks for answer about his people’s origin from the East. The symbol of the fish is much used, also in the Indus Valley (Indus script contains many tamil words).
As for the fish symbol, here is an interesting fact: it was the symbol of the Ancient tamil dynasty of the Pandyans.
Pandya means old in tamil, like Chola is an old word for “new”. Tamil can be traced back way longer than most scholars think, and already by the Christian era was a well-established writing language with structure and grammar, thanks to the Tholkappiyam.
A quick scoop into Ancient tamil literature called Sangam, who the Pandyans patronised, we find out this: there are three different sangams throughout time that spans over a period of almost 10.000 years.
By checking facts and comparing them with contemporary civilisations and reference in literature, we can get a clue of when these kings reigned. (Mahabharata, Ramayana, Puranas etc)
• The first sangam was held in a city called Then-Madurai («South») and established by a Kaisina Vazhudi in 10 527 BCE and ending in 6127 BCE, followed by a huge flood that made the city submerge. Then-Madurai was mentioned by many tamil poets as a city lying south of the sourthernmost tip of India, Kumari.
• The second sangam was held in a city called Kavatapuram and established by a Vender Celiyan in 6000 BCE and ending in 2387 BCE by a second deluge that made the city of Kavatapuram submerge. Kavatapuram is mentioned in the Ramayana.
If we look away from the fact that Kavatapuram is in India, here are some interesting facts:
• Epic of Gilgamesh is approximately from 2500-2300 BCE. In both the bible and this epic, there is a great flood flood that wiped out cities and destroyed landmasses. Noah is believed to have lived in this period. Gilgamesh is also rescued in a big ark.
Geology studies of the future will testify if there ever was a Big land (Kumari Kandam >> Ilai Marai >> Lemuria) to the south of India and Sri Lanka that submerged. Satelite images of the Indian ocean shows plenty of landslides that have submerged over time, like for instance the Mascarene Plateau.
The third sangam was held at present-day Madurai from 1915 BCE by a Pandya king named Kadungon (not the one from 700 AD). This sangam lasted for about 1800 years.
One must remember that since Tamilakam coexisted with the rise of the Aryans in the northern India, there must have been wars waging between the two cultures.
The only solid proof of Ancient nations in India is given to us by the indian epics. Tamils, especially Chola and Pandya kings, are mentioned.
Kulasekhara Pandyan was strong as a bull, but was killed by Lord Krishna for resisting.
His son, Malayadwaja Pandyan, fought in the Kurukshetra war on the side of the Pandavars.
Sarangadwaja is also mentioned, and he is supposedly the father of Meenakshi (“Fish-eye”, Fish-rule).
Musukunthan was a tamil king mentions in sankrit literature as Musugunda.
Cembiyan, of Chola origin through the Ikshvaku clan (Sun dynasty) is called Sibi or Sembi.
Others are Manu Cholan, who was a lord of Dravida Desa (Dravida>Dramila > Damila > Tamil) and who survived the big flood. There are striking between Manu, Gilgamesh and Noah because of the almost identical stories.
There were groups of dark-skinned people who lived in Anatolia in Lycia between 1500-1000 BCE who called themselves “Trimmili” or “Trammili”. The greeks called them “Termillai”.
They had long black hair and followed many norms, rituals and practices like the Tamils in South India. They also lived in Crete, and in Minoan culture paintings, one can see women wearing sarees and being treated equally like men.
There are too many speculations to even speculate if Sumerians, Elamites, Indus Valley people and Lycians were speaking tamil or had roots of Tamil culture. One thing is sure – Dravidian influence have clearly and undoubtedly made impact in the Near-East throughout human history. Now it up to us Tamils to seek the truth, rather than running from it or submitting ourselves to other “obvious” proof of history.
Mankind needs to keep digging for history!
– There is no state in the world where tamils don’t live in, and yet there is no state for the tamils.